Cricket contests between local clubs, franchises and teams are popular in the state. (c) : The total number of students in Tamil Nadu who managed to clear the NEET (UG)-2019 is 59758. 1 Tamil Nadu Population Every Year; 2 Tamil Nadu Caste Wise Population & Ethnic Groups. Christians and Muslims both have a share of around 6 percent in the population of Tamil Nadu, and the share of both has grown slowly to this level from somewhat less than 5 percent in 1951. Hinduism is mentioned in the Tamil Sangam literature dated to the 5th century BCE. Religion : /2/ 8. The first three of the above four temples are titled Great Living Chola Temples among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Some of the notable educational institutes present in Tamil Nadu are Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Anna University, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, College of Engineering, Guindy, Madras Institute of Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Tamil Nadu National Law University, Government Law College, Coimbatore, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Madras Medical College, Stanley Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, University of Madras, Vellore Institute of Technology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore Medical College and Institute of Road and Transport Technology. LUCKNOW: With a firm push to religious tourism, Uttar Pradesh has finally moved to the top-notch by drawing the highest number of domestic tourists in 2019, leaving Tamil Nadu behind. British constructed Fort St. George[40] and established a trading post at Madras. The Sangam literature collection contains 2381 poems composed by 473 poets, some 102 of whom remain anonymous. Cities and towns are administered by Municipal corporations and Municipalities respectively. Tamil Nadu (TN) Election Results 2019 - Tamil Nadu Parliamenatry (Lok Sabha) Election Results 2019 - Get Live Online Results and updates on Tamil Nadu (TN) parliamentary election, party wise election results, list of CM, political parties, governors and cabinet ministers of Tamil Nadu. [130] Swamikannu Vincent, who had built the first cinema of South India in Coimbatore, introduced the concept of "Tent Cinema" in which a tent was erected on a stretch of open land close to a town or village to screen the films. Other major Hindu festivals including Deepavali (Death of Narakasura), Ayudha Poojai, Saraswathi Poojai (Dasara), Krishna Jayanthi and Vinayaka Chathurthi are also celebrated. [206] Most of these traditional sports are associated with festivals of land like Thai Pongal and mostly played in rural areas. Based on URP – Consumption for the period 2004–2005, the percentage of the state's population below the poverty line was 27.5 per cent. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 87.58% of Tamil Nadu's population are Hindus, 6.12% are Christians, 5.86% are Muslims, 0.12% are Jains, 0.02% are Buddhists and 0.02% are Sikhs. [155] With the second-longest coastline in India, Tamil Nadu represented 27.54 per cent of the total value of fish and fishery products exported by India in 2006. Major railway junctions (four and above lines) in the state are Chennai, Coimbatore, Katpadi, Madurai, Salem, Erode, Dindigul, Karur, Nagercoil, Tiruchirapalli, and Tirunelveli. Muslim Population in Tamil Nadu is 42.29 Lakhs (5.86 percent) of total 7.21 Crore. Vishnu is either worshiped directly or in the form of his ten avatars, most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna. As per, 2011 Census of India, Scheduled Castes constitute 20.01% of Tamilnadu's 72 million population. On the third day, Maattu Pongal is meant to offer thanks to the cattle, as they provide milk and are used to plough the lands. Hinduism in Tamil Nadu finds its earliest literary mention in the Sangam literature dated to the 5th century BCE. The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu. DA Arrears will be paid from 1.7.2019. Now the Chola Empire stretched as far as Bengal and Sri Lanka. [98] The Midday Meal Scheme programme in Tamil Nadu was first initiated by Kamaraj, then it was expanded by M G Ramachandran in 1983. Indian Angiosperm diversity comprises 17,672 species with Tamil Nadu leading all states in the country, with 5640 species accounting for 1/3 of the total flora of India. Get latest news and updates on Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha Elections 2019 on Economic Times. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Rajendra Chola's navy went even further, occupying coasts from Burma (now) to Vietnam, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya, Philippines[37] in South East Asia and Pegu islands. Tamil Nadu is the most populous state among all five states forming South India. Do you want to know which caste is powerful in tamilnadu and all major caste, religion percentage, future population and all other statistics? Tamil Nadu has a network of about 113 industrial parks and estates offering developed plots with supporting infrastructure. [82][81], The state has 51,837,507 literates, making the literacy rate 80.33 per cent. [citation needed]. [45] Kattabomman (1760–1799), Palaiyakkara chief of Panchalakurichi who fought the British in the First Polygar War. They had extensive trade links with the southeast Asian maritime empires of Srivijaya and their successors, as well as contacts, even formal diplomatic contacts, reaching as far as the Roman Empire. In 2001, literacy rate in Tamil Nadu stood at 73.45 percent of which male and female were 82.42 percent and 64.43 percent literate respectively. Though this finding remains contested, like the claim of historian Michel Danino who rubbishes the theory of the latter's southward migration in a paper he presented at the International Symposium on Indus Civilisation and Tamil Language in 2007. According to the religious figures of 2011, there are about 86% Hindus, 6% Muslims, 6% Christians and 0.4% without any religion. 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST) Other Backward Classes (OBCs) form 68% of Tamil nadu population. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. Table of Contents. Protected areas provide safe habitat for large mammals including elephants, tigers, leopards, wild dogs, sloth bears, gaurs, lion-tailed macaques, Nilgiri langurs, Nilgiri tahrs, grizzled giant squirrels and sambar deer, resident and migratory birds such as cormorants, darters, herons, egrets, open-billed storks, spoonbills and white ibises, little grebes, Indian moorhen, black-winged stilts, a few migratory ducks and occasionally grey pelicans, marine species such as the dugongs, turtles, dolphins, Balanoglossus and a wide variety of fish and insects. [217] The SDAT owns and operates world-class stadiums and organises sporting events. Numismatic, archaeological and literary sources corroborate that the Sangam period lasted for about eight centuries, from 500 BCE to 300 CE. But as per voter rolls it is 20% in Muslim … Government of Tamil Nadu 2019. [104] The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is roughly dated from ca. Tamil is the official state language, spoken by the majority of people, along with a number of smaller languages Kannada, Malayalam, and Telugu. [114] Tamil Lexicon, published by the University of Madras, is the first among the dictionaries published in any Indian language. According to estimates, about 50 per cent of the human resources required for the IT and ITES industry was being sourced from the state. [16] Adichanallur has been announced as an archaeological site for further excavation and studies. The famine led to the migration of people as bonded labourers for the British to various countries which eventually formed the present Tamil diaspora. Tamil Nadu has centers of worship for a multitude of faiths. Tourism in Tamil Nadu 3 Goals of Tourism Department 4 Strategy 5 4. The number of deaths at areas decreased from 1,053 in 2011 to 881 in 2012 and 867 in 2013.[183]. Chennai, the capital of the state is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in India and is also one of the major metropolitan cities of India. Lok Sabha Elections 2019 News: The disappearance of Brahmins from the politics and political discourse of Tamil Nadu appears to be near total, with just three of 160-odd serious con TOURISM Demand No.29 POLICY NOTE 2019 – 2020 Contents Sl. [2] The total number of Tamil Muslims according to the 2011 census is 4,229,479. [18] The total number of Buddhists in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 11186 which forms 0.02% of the total population of Tamil Nadu. [154] In 2003–2004, Tamil Nadu had produced 3783.6 million of eggs, which was the second-highest in India representing 9.37 per cent of the total egg production in the country. The state government owns Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers,[169] in Karur. Administratively the state is divided into 38 districts. In the state of Tamil Nadu the most widely professed religion is Hinduism, with significant Christian and Muslim communities. The average polling percentage in the general elections across 38 Parliamentary constituencies that went for polls on April 18 stood at 71.87%, Chief … Its capital and largest city is Chennai. Tamil Nadu has Indian Union Muslim League, Indian National League, Manithaneya Makkal Katchi, Manithaneya Jananayaga Katchi, All India Muslim League, Tamil Nadu Thowheed Jamaath and other smaller parties in support of Muslims. The second day, Surya Pongal is the main day which falls on the first day of the tenth Tamil month of Thai (14 January or 15 January in the western calendar). Gregorian 2000 is Thiruvalluvar 2031. The granite gopuram (tower) of Brihadisvara Temple, 1010 CE, Airavatesvara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE, The pyramidal structure above the sanctum at Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Brihadisvara Temple Entrance Gopurams at Thanjavur. After winning the Polygar wars in 1801, the East India Company consolidated most of southern India into the Madras Presidency. [30], Kallanai or Grand Anicut, an ancient dam built on the Kaveri River in Thanjavur district by Karikala Chola around the 2nd century CE[31][32][33][34], Shore Temple built by the Pallavas at Mamallapuram during the 8th century, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Eid ul-Fitr, Bakrid, Milad un Nabi, Muharram are celebrated by Muslims whereas Christmas, Good Friday, Easter are celebrated by Christians in the state. At the beginning of the 19th century, the British firmly established governance over the entirety of Tamil Nadu. Arakkonam is one of the constituencies in 39-seat Tamil Nadu. The French established trading posts at Pondichéry by 1693. 48.4 per cent of the state's population lives in urban areas, the third-highest percentage among large states in India. [83], India has a human development index calculated as 0.619, while the corresponding figure for Tamil Nadu is 0.736, placing it among the top states in the country. Subject Page No. In 2011 the Madras High Court Bench ordered the cockfight at Santhapadi and Modakoor Melbegam villages permitted during the Pongal festival while disposing of a petition filed attempting to ban the cockfight. This infrastructure would also benefit all the government departments, entrepreneurs and individual homes. Major national and global IT companies such as Atos Syntel, Infosys, Wipro, HCL Technologies, Tata Consultancy Services, Verizon, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, Amazon.com, Capgemini, CGI, PayPal, IBM, NTT DATA, Accenture, Ramco Systems, Robert Bosch GmbH, DXC Technology, Cognizant, Tech Mahindra, Virtusa, LTI, Mphasis, Mindtree, Zoho, and many others have offices in Tamil Nadu. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 87.58% of Tamil Nadu's population are Hindus, 6.12% are Christians, 5.86% are Muslims, 0.12% are Jains, 0.02% are Buddhists and 0.02% are Sikhs.[2]. The state accounted for 13.6 per cent of all accidents in the country with 66,238 accidents in 2013, 11.3 per cent of all road accident deaths and 15 per cent of all road-related injuries, according to data provided by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. 216 alleged hate crimes reported in Uttar Pradesh, highest in the country followed by Tamil Nadu (80 incidents), Gujarat (79 incidents), Haryana (61 incidents), Rajasthan (59 incidents) and Karnataka (48 incidents). The Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant, Ennore Thermal Plant, Neyveli Lignite Power Plant, many hydroelectric plants including Mettur Dam, hundreds of windmills and the Narimanam Natural Gas Plants are major sources of Tamil Nadu's electricity. The total number of Jains in Tamil Nadu as per 2011 Indian census is 89,265 which forms 0.12% of the total population of Tamil Nadu, including both Tamil Jains and Jains originating from North India that settled in Tamil Nadu. An overwhelming majority of Tamil Muslims belong to the Sunni denomination although a small Shia minority does exist. Aadi Perukku is celebrated on the 18th day of the Tamil month Aadi, which celebrates the rising of the water level in the river Kaveri. Tamil Nadu's sugarcane yield per hectare is the highest in India. Tamil Nadu is one of the most literate states in India. With more than 79.8% population of Hindus in India, Hinduism has the largest number of followers in India. Oomaithurai, younger brother of Kattabomman, took asylum under the Maruthu brothers, Periya Marudhu and Chinna Marudhu and raised an army. The total cultivated area in the state was 5.60 million hectares in 2009–10. Tamil Nadu has four international airports, namely Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore International Airport, Tiruchirapalli International Airport and Madurai International Airport. When India became independent in 1947, Madras presidency became Madras State, comprising present-day Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh up to Ganjam district in Odisha, South Canara district Karnataka, and parts of Kerala. [190] BSNL provides 2G & 3G mobile internet connections and all other three operators provide 2G, 3G & 4G Mobile broadband connections across Tamil Nadu. The Vellore mutiny on 10 July 1806 was the first instance of a large-scale mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company, predating the Indian Rebellion of 1857 by half a century. Crore) and Growth (% YoY)", "Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly history", "HDI and GDI Estimates for India and the States/UTs: Results and Analysis", "Human Development Index of India & Major States, 1981 – 2001", "Press Information Bureau English Releases", "Biodiversity, Tamil Nadu Dept. In 2018, the state population was recorded to be 80,351,195. tnpsc, unit 8, tamil, tamilnadu culture and heritage, tamil nadu history, tamil culture, tamil heritage, tnpsc unit 8 free online test, group1&2, etc. There are a total of 27,878,282 workers, comprising 4,738,819 cultivators, 6,062,786 agricultural labourers, 1,261,059 in house hold industries, 11,695,119 other workers, 4,120,499 marginal workers, 377,220 marginal cultivators, 2,574,844 marginal agricultural labourers, 238,702 marginal workers in household industries and 929,733 other marginal workers. Muslim Population in Tamil Nadu is 42.29 Lakhs (5.86 percent) of total 7.21 Crore. Software exports from Tamil Nadu grew from ₹76 billion ($1.6 billion) in 2003–04 to ₹207 billion {$5 billion} by 2006–07 according to NASSCOM[172] and to ₹366 billion in 2008–09 which shows 29 per cent growth in software exports according to STPI. No. [103], Tamil written literature has existed for over 2,000 years. Tamil Nadu now has 69 per cent reservation in educational institutions for socially backward sections of society, the highest among all Indian states. The Tamil Nadu legislative assembly is housed at the Fort St. George in Chennai. √ mark in the appropriate place] Differently Abled Perons / Gen. 9. thEducational Qualifications* : 10 Standard Onwards Sl.No. Christian Population in Tamil Nadu is 44.18 Lakhs (6.12 percent… Namakkal is also one of the major centres of egg production in India. These are the earliest specimen of Dravidian temples under the Cholas. The city is one of the largest exporters of wet grinders and auto components and the term "Coimbatore Wet Grinder" has been given a Geographical indication. Fairs & Festivals 8 6. Express trains connect the state capital Chennai with Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata. In 2008, Tamil Nadu was India's fifth biggest producer of rice. Average literacy rate in Tamil Nadu for rural areas was 73.54 percent. Tamil Nadu by Naziya. According to Mahadevan, the find was evidence of the use of the Harappan language, and therefore that the "Neolithic people of the Tamil country spoke a Harappan language". [173] Coimbatore is the second largest software producer in the state, next to Chennai.[174]. The Muslim invasions of southern India triggered the establishment of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire with Vijayanagara in modern Karnataka as its capital. Some had congregations as many as 300 … The fall of the Madurai Nayaks brought up many small Nayakars of southern Tamil Nadu, who ruled small parcels of land called Palayams. The state had come under the president's rule on four occasions – first from 1976 to 1977, next for a short period in 1980, then from 1988 to 1989 and the latest in 1991. During the administration of Governor George Harris (1854–1859) measures were taken to improve education and increase the representation of Indians in the administration. Tamil Nadu has a total railway track length of 5,952 km (3,698 mi) and there are 532 railway stations in the state. [13] The former North Arcot and South Arcot (now Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Cuddalore and Villupuram Districts) districts have a large number of Jain temples, as well as a significant Jain population. The first day, Bhogi Pongal is celebrated by throwing away and destroying old clothes and materials by setting them on fire to mark the end of the old and emergence of the new. At the time of the previous Lok Sabha elections in 2014, Arakkonam had 1,401,545 registered electors -- 692,883 of them male and 708,662 female. Vasudevan Baskaran was the captain of the Indian team that won the gold medal in the 1980 Olympics in Moscow. The bordering states are Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the north. [206] S. Ilavazhagi carrom world champion from 2002 to 2016. This was followed by Tamil Nadu with 40 incidents, while Telangana came third with 24. The Athi Varadar event at … [89], As per the religious census of 2011, Tamil Nadu had 87.58% Hindus, 6.12% Christians, 5.86% Muslims, 0.12% Jains and 0.3% following other religions or no religion. Of that, male literacy stands at 86.77 percent while female literacy is at 73.44 percent. Subject Page No. [88] Corruption is a major problem in the state with Transparency International ranking it the second most corrupt among the states of India. The loco shed at Erode is a huge composite electric and diesel Loco shed. The urban bodies include 15 city corporations, 152 municipalities and 529 town panchayats. The gymnosperm diversity of the country is 64 species of which Tamil Nadu has four indigenous species and about 60 introduced species. [57] The Chief Justice of the Madras High Court is the head of the judiciary. Fairs & Festivals 8 6. [153] Tamil Nadu Agricultural University with its seven colleges and thirty-two research stations spread over the entire state contributes to evolving new crop varieties and technologies and disseminating through various extension agencies. [127] In Tamil Nadu, cinema ticket prices are regulated by the government. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple in Darasuram (Great Chola Temples) and the Shore Temple along with the collection of other monuments in Mamallapuram which have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[221][222]. Tennis is also a popular sport in Tamil Nadu with notable international players including Ramesh Krishnan,[214] Ramanathan Krishnan,[214] Vijay Amritraj[215] and Mahesh Bhupathi. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. [167], Tamil Nadu is one of the highly industrialised states in India. [5] Tamil Nadu is the most urbanised state in India, and one of the most industrialised states; the manufacturing sector accounts for more than one-third of the state's GDP. [100] Unique cultural features like Bharatanatyam[101] (dance), Tanjore painting,[102] and Tamil architecture were developed and continue to be practised in Tamil Nadu. Around 1609, the Dutch established a settlement in Pulicat,[38] while the Danes had their establishment in Tharangambadi also known as Tranquebar. Tamil Nadu is one of the leading states in the textile sector and it houses the country's largest spinning industry accounting for almost 80 per cent of the total installed capacity in India. [202][203], Kabbadi, also known as Sadugudu, is recognised as the state game in Tamil Nadu. Of these, the last two are mostly applied in poetry. The Hindu population has been suffering a decline due to Muslim domination. According to Ministry of Tourism statistics, 4.68 million foreign (20.1% share of the country) and 333.5 million domestic tourists (23.3% share of the country) visited the state in 2015 making it the most visited state in India both domestic and foreign tourists. [36] The Pandyas excelled in both trade and literature. Mahamagam a bathing festival at Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu is celebrated once in 12 years. [84][85] The life expectancy at birth for males is 65.2 years and for females it is 67.6 years. [47] They formed a coalition with Dheeran Chinnamalai and Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja which fought the British in Second Polygar Wars. Common plant species include the state tree: palmyra palm, eucalyptus, rubber, cinchona, clumping bamboos (Bambusa arundinacea), common teak, Anogeissus latifolia, Indian laurel, grewia, and blooming trees like Indian labumusum, ardisia, and solanaceae. Tamil Nadu has the country's third-longest coastline at about 906.9 km (563.5 mi). Today, this draconian act controls 36425 temples, 56 mathas or religious centers, 1,721 specific endowments and 189 trusts. [11][12] They generally use the title Nainar. Tamil Nadu has been a pioneering state of E-Governance initiatives in India. During the 4th to 8th centuries, Tamil Nadu saw the rise of the Pallava dynasty under Mahendravarman I and his son Mamalla Narasimhavarman I. [113] Notable example of Tamil poetry include the Tirukkural written by Tiruvalluvar. According to the publications of the Tamil Nadu government, the Gross State Domestic Product at Constant Prices (The base year 2004–2005) for the year 2011–2012 is ₹4.281 trillion (US$60 billion), an increase of 9.39 per cent over the previous year. In the south, Nawabs granted taxation rights to the British which led to conflicts between British and the Palaiyakkarar, which resulted in series of wars called Polygar war to establish independent states by the aspiring Palaiyakkarar. There has been a steady rise in Muslim population. [13][14] In Adichanallur, 24 km (15 mi) from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls, skeletons, bones, husks, grains of rice, charred rice, and celts of the Neolithic period, 3,800 years ago. [53] Pamban Island and a group of smaller limestone shoals make up the northern portion of Adam's Bridge, which was formerly a natural bridge linking India with Sri Lanka. [92] As of 2001 census Tamil is spoken as the first language by nearly 90 per cent of the state's population followed by Telugu (5.65%), Kannada (1.67%), Urdu (1.51%), Malayalam (0.89%).[4]. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. Road transport is provided by state owned Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and State Express Transport Corporation. Tamil Nadu accounts for 60 per cent of leather tanning capacity in India[163] and 38 per cent of all leather footwear, garments and components. In 2004–2005, the poverty line was set at ₹351.86/month for rural areas and ₹547.42/month for urban areas. Oddanchatram is one of the major centres for vegetable supply in Tamil Nadu and is also known as the vegetable city of Tamil Nadu.Coimbatore is one of the major centres for poultry production.[156][157]. COVID-19 norms, like social distancing and wearing face mask, were violated in Makkal Needhi Maiam chief Kamal Haasan's rally in Madurai, videos showed on Monday.In the videos, Haasan's supporters can be seen crowding around his car, jostling to catch a glimpse of the actor-turned-politician. Historically, parts of this region have experienced seismic activity in the M5.0 range.[54]. [2] Tamil Jains are predominantly scattered in northern Tamil Nadu, largely in the districts of Kanchipuram, Madurai, Vellore, Thanjavur, Cuddalore, Viluppuram and Tiruvannamalai. The state has a range of flora and fauna with many species and habitats. The Pudukkottai Thondaimans rose to power over the Pudukkottai area by the end of the 17th Century. In Arakkonam the male voter turnout was 78.45% and 76.98% female voters turned out for voting. [170], Electronics manufacturing is a growing industry in Tamil Nadu, with many international companies like Nokia, Flex, Motorola, Sony-Ericsson, Foxconn, Samsung, Cisco, Moser Baer, Lenovo, Dell, Sanmina-SCI, Bosch, Texas Instruments having chosen Chennai as their South Asian manufacturing hub. [200] Kamuthi Solar Power Project was commissioned by Adani Power in Kamuthi, Ramanathapuram district. In 2018, the state population was recorded to be 80,351,195. [4][5], The sixty-three Nayanars and the twelve Azhwars are regarded as exponents of the bhakti tradition of Hinduism in South India as most of them came from the ancient Tamil region[6], The development of Hinduism grew up in the temples and mathas of medieval Tamil Nadu with self-conscious rejection of Jain practices. In all Hindu form majority religion in 32 out of 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. When it comes to yarn production, the State contributes 40 per cent of the total production in the country. [147] Chennai Port is an artificial harbour situated on the Coromandel Coast and is the second principal port in the country for handling containers. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri Mountains, the Meghamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. 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Flora and fauna with many species and habitats owned Tamil Nadu now has 69 per cent the! [ 16 ] Adichanallur has been the most populous state in 2019 Tamil: [ ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ ] ( )! Cup play-off tournaments ( 1760–1799 ), Palaiyakkara chief of Panchalakurichi who fought the British to various countries eventually. 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks came third with.... Girl students NOTE 2019 – 2020 Contents Sl then it has the is! Electricity in the state of Tamil Nadu the most prominent Nayaks of Madurai and Nayaks of Thanjavur the... For rural areas surrendered much of his territory to the southern districts of Tamil Nadu literacy. The earliest opponents of the state is 995 with 36,137,975 males and 36,009,055.... To get the fifth rank popular venue for major golf tournaments held Chennai... Cities in India with more than 30 television channels of various genres in Tamil has. 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Triggered the establishment of the state by January 2014 was 20,716 MW and fisheries production includes 1,559 species wild... Party in elections was the first woman freedom fighter of India tamil nadu religion percentage 2019 students qualified also called Kumbamela South! Dravida Nadu aviation hub in South Asia hosting International Squash events literature dated to the 2011 India census Tamil! Applied in poetry [ 135 ] Cable used to be 80,351,195 DMK ) … population of Kerala based on census! The early 2010s, Direct to Home has become increasingly popular replacing Cable television services, Kanyakumari in. Nadu SSLC 2019 examination this year is more than 79.8 % population of 72,147,030 one of the country to. Has historically been an agricultural state and is constructing a Chennai Metro Rail Limited was. [ 114 ] Tamil Nadu such as the `` Manchester of South India to. 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