If you are willing to be patient for flowers to appear. Over the course of a week, gradually increase their exposure to direct sun and wind by about an hour a day, until they outdoors for the entire day, placed in the location where you intend to plant. Do you think sowing seeds directly in the garden might not be the best option for you? Seeds usually germinate within four to 14 days in soil temperatures between 70 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Another member of the Asteraceae family, Calendula officinalis is known as the pot or English marigold. This information is usually located on the seed packet. In this guide, I’ll go over how to start the three Tagetes species from seed. Let us know in the comments below. ‘Queen Sophia’ will reach maturity in 60 days. She works as both a writer and author and enjoys writing articles on many different topics. The flowers are drought-tolerant but may need water in hot weather if they are not blooming. So, what have you decided, gardener? Need a little more guidance on how to care for these annuals? Marigold seeds can be sowed directly into the soil once the threat of frost has passed and the soil is warm. Place groups of 3 or 4 seeds on the prepared soil, spaced 6-12 inches apart, depending on the mature spread of your chosen variety. I’ll go over each of these different factors, so you can decide which method will work best for you. Select the pods that are the most mature on the plant. What you need. Pot marigold (Calendula officinalis) is an easy-to-grow annual. You can grow marigolds as perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 11. Sow the seeds directly in the soil in Spring. A packet of Calendula seeds (varieties that can be … Too much shade can delay flowering, however, so provide light shade only when needed. Some taller varieties, such as African marigolds, often require staking, especially during storms. Try aquilegia, bellis, … How to plant marigold seeds: The first step for growing marigolds from seed is to sow the seeds. Starting your seeds in pots or pellets can give you a head start on growing without taking up room in the garden. Wondering which flowers to sow in July? When considering where to plant your marigolds, be aware that these plants need to grow in soil that drains well. In Colorado French Marigolds (Tagetes) pretty much grow like weeds. Before sowing, wet the soil lightly with a gentle spray from the hose. Plants grow 10-12 inches tall with a spread of about 8 inches. You actually can plant many different edibles and ornamentals in July to squeeze out a second harvest or brighten up faded flower beds, containers and planter boxes. However, flowers will develop more striking colors if they are planted in full sun. While there are many different types of marigold flowers, all can be started in much the same way. Now is the time of year that Cabin Fever and garden catalogs in our mailboxes get us dreaming about getting out into the garden. Allowing your marigolds 6-8 weeks of growth before setting them out will give them a jump start, and you’ll enjoy the blooms earlier than if you were to sow them directly in the garden. COPYRIGHT © 2021 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor, The Gardener's A-Z Guide to Growing Flowers from Seed to Bloom; Eileen Powell. Download our planting poster Our handy calendar showing you when to plant veges and flowers in your region, … If you don’t know how many frost-free days you have, you can quickly calculate them with this tool from the National Gardening Association. Sowings can be made of aquilegia, campanula, coreopsis, delphinium, myosotis, penstemon and pansy seeds. Use sterilized potting soil or soilless starting mix. I have a list of vegetables, listed by zones, that can be planted this month. If your final frost date is late, you’ll really benefit from planting marigold … If you can’t find this information on your seed packet, French marigolds (Tagetes patula) will generally bloom in 50-60 days, while Mexican marigolds (T. erecta) need 70-100 days. Make sure you check out our complete guide to growing marigolds. Choose a sunny day to harvest your crop of marigold seeds. Kristina Hicks-Hamblin lives on a dryland permaculture homestead in the high desert of Utah. Plant marigold seeds outdoors or indoors in early spring for summer flowers, or early summer for fall flowers. If you’d rather forego an indoor seed starting project, there are some cases where you can get away with sowing marigolds directly into your garden: Let’s talk more about that last point. Planting vegetable seeds or transplants at the correct time is important for getting the most out of your garden. You are safe planting quick-growing annuals like marigolds, lettuce, zinnias, radish and a few other popular vegetables and flower plants through mid-June. And which wonderful varieties are you growing? First, place them outside in a shaded location where they are protected from wind. Alternatively, sow your seeds in raised beds. You can start seeds indoors and transplant them outdoors after danger of frost if you want earlier-blooming flowers. Just enter your zip code, and it will tell you the average number for your area. Deciding whether to sow your marigolds directly in the garden or start them indoors will require you to take a few factors into consideration: the length of your growing season, the type of cultivar you’re planting, and how impatient you are for these annuals to fill your garden with flowers. Here are a few tips for you to get started: About a week before you wish to transplant your seedlings, start hardening them off outdoors to acclimate them to their new growing conditions. As the carrots come up, you can pull up the plants which are too close together. It makes a good companion plant and a lovely cut flower, with other ‘hot’ coloured plant such as rudbeckias or contrasting with … Do not sow the marigold … Marigolds bloom 45 to 60 days after planted, so expect blooms as a late-summer or early fall addition … Plant marigold seeds in a seedling tray filled with a sterile potting mix. Aren’t marigolds such great plants? Yes! You can plant marigold seeds in shallow seed trays to begin with, and move the plants to pots or planters once they've begun to grow. When seedlings are about 2 inches tall, thin out all but the strongest plant from each cell. Marigolds make good bedding and edging plants. Here is more about what we do. If you’ve never started your own annuals from seed, you might want to review our complete guide to starting annuals from seed indoors. But once you cross the line from fan to fanatic like I have, you may want to start growing these annuals from seed. If you are able to successfully grow warm-season crops like tomatoes, squash, eggplant, and peppers  without concerns about them being killed by early frosts, you probably have a long growing season in your area. Plants reach 8-10 inches tall and have a 6 to 8-inch spread at maturity. It’s also time to sow biennials such as foxglove, sweet William and forget-me-nots for planting out in autumn. Kristina loves the challenges of dryland gardening and teaching others to use climate compatible gardening techniques, and she strives towards creating gardens where there are as many birds and bees as there are edibles. Be careful not to break the casings as you work. Plant in July in your vegetable garden – yes you can! I never have to re-seed in the Spring. The three main species of marigolds found in US gardens are the Mexican (sometimes called African) marigold, Tagetes erecta, the French T. patula, and the signet marigold, T. tenuifolia. JULY. These annual flowers can tolerate some shade, particularly if your summers are really hot. However, if your growing season only has an average of 104 days (my growing season is closer to this number), you might not get to enjoy the blooms at all if you sow seeds outdoors. We might think of spring and autumn as the best times to sow seed, but there are plants that you can start off in midsummer. And to learn more about growing flowers in your garden, why not check out the following guides next: Photos by Kristina Hicks-Hamblin © Ask the Experts, LLC. Growing calendula is easy, as this plant … I like to do my transplanting on a cloudy day or in the evening, so the transplants don’t have so much heat stress to deal with while they acclimate themselves. As I "dead head" my plants, I incorporate the seeds into the dirt. Seems like a good deal to me! You can plant marigold seeds directly outdoors in the spring after the danger of frost has passed for your area or start seeds indoors up to about eight weeks before the last frost. There’s lots of variation in climate conditions in this part of the country – I’m in NE Utah and a full zone lower than the next town over. Plant them in loose soil or in a pot or container. Keep the pott… ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. You’ll enjoy gorgeous blooms early in the season, whether you sow indoors in flats or outdoors in the garden. mariglods Submitted by James W Blackw... on July 31, 2018 - 12:26pm Scrape back a little bit of soil to use for covering the seeds. Thanks for sharing your additional tips! Sow seeds 0.5 cm (¼”) deep, leaving spaces of 15-45 cm (6-18″) between plants. Also known as pot marigold or English marigold, calendula is edible and has some medicinal uses. If you can’t find this information on your seed packet, French marigolds (Tagetes patula) will generally bloom in 50-60 days, while Mexican marigolds (T. erecta) need 70-100 days. Plant more marigolds, sunflowers, cosmos, zinnias, four o'clocks, nasturtiums, etc. Sow seeds about 1 inch apart and thin the seedlings while they're still small. The seeds usually germinate within a week. Will you be sowing outdoors or starting indoors? … And once summer is at full tilt, I love seeing their happy yellow, orange, and red flowers brightening up my garden. So if you have a short growing season, start the slower maturing varieties indoors, and for direct sowing, consider a faster maturing variety. If your area is prone to late killing frosts in the spring or early summer. For best results, seeds stored over winter should be used during the next growing season. Product photos via Burpee, Eden Brothers, and True Leaf Market. Harvest tomatoes and cucumbers regularly to aid development of further fruits. Or you can plant the seeds directly in the pot you'd like to display the plant … Use the Seeds . Once plants are established, give them a good soak about once a week. You can still plant flowers, too! This also helps to protect me from the sun too! West Virginia University Extension Service: Marigolds, Cornell University Growing Guide: French Marigold. Sowing seeds outdoors is more straightforward than starting them indoors. I honestly haven’t met a marigold I didn’t like, but there are some cultivars I’m particularly excited about, and I’d like to share these with you. Level out the soil and pat it gently to firm it up. Originally from the temperate suburbs of North Carolina, she enjoys discovering ways to meet a climate challenge. Marigolds require little care. Growing Calendula from Seed. Thanks for the tips. Knowing your first and last frost dates will help you start your vegetable seeds at the right time. This is especially done in the fall, as the Marigolds are done blooming. Marigolds prefer soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0 enriched with organic matter, but the plant can tolerate dry soils. Ah, the pungent smell of marigolds – their distinctive fragrance tells me that summer has most definitely arrived. Starting marigold seeds indoors is pretty easy, but it does require a few materials and supplies. Good complementary plants for flower beds include Salvia, Zinnia, Nasturtium, Gaillardia and Bassia. In general, you can plant smaller cultivars 6-8 inches apart, and larger ones 10-12 inches apart. Compare your number of frost-free days with the number of days the plant needs to reach maturity. The petals of this French type are dark orange with yellow edges, and its double blooms measure 2 to 3 inches across. Cucumbers can … Spacing depends on species of marigold; space large varieties 18 to 24 inches apart, medium varieties 12 to 15 inches apart and dwarf species 6 inches apart. Transplants need good soil amended with organic matter. If you decide to sow directly into your garden soil, plan on doing this about a week or two after your last average frost date. Now find the days to maturity for your selected variety or cultivar. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. You’ll find ‘Strawberry Blonde’ in packs of 50 seeds for purchase exclusively at Burpee. Luckily, marigolds are easy to get along with, so you can plant marigolds alongside any veggie in the garden! Planting marigold seeds is a good gardening project for both new gardeners and more advanced gardeners. Sow each seed approximately 1.25 cm deep in the mix, spacing the seeds 5 cm apart in all directions. Gradually taper off watering so that established plants receive about 1 inch a week. … What part of Colorado are you in? Pat and smooth the soil gently, and water lightly with a watering can, or using the gentle shower setting on your watering wand. Many … When to grow. ‘Queen Sophia’ is an All-America Selections Winner whose fiery petals are warm and entrancing. Be sure to check out the other What to Plant … Plant or transplant young marigold plants outdoors after all danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed and dried out a bit. While mature marigolds may be able to tolerate just a tiny amount of frost, young seedlings are generally more sensitive and it’s better not to risk exposure to the cold. They will be ready to transplant into your garden at the beginning of your local warm season, and the earlier maturing varieties will bloom soon after transplanting them. The flowers of this variety start out red, and then transform into a lovely pinkish-yellow hue. The time to transplant varies from plant to plant…also with how much room you have in the … Planting marigold seeds at the right time is important. Use small garden shears to gently clip the heads off the plants. The ‘Durango’ mix comes in a beautiful mélange of solid yellow, orange, and burgundy hues as well as some enticing bicolor patterns, with double blooms reaching 2 to 2 1/2 inches across. Here’s a more precise way to find out if you have time to sow these annuals outdoors: Compare the number of frost-free days in your area with the number of days the plant needs to reach maturity. Marigolds are typically limited to shades of yellow, red, and orange – so spotting a unique, pink-colored cultivar such as ‘Strawberry Blonde’ is quite a thrill. Some common pests and disease to watch for include spittle bugs, spider mites and aster yellows and wilts. Plants reach 10-12 inches in height and have a 9-inch spread. If you are growing a slower maturing variety, such as most. How to Manage Root Rot in Fruit, Nut, and Landscape Trees and Shrubs, If you are growing a faster maturing variety, such as most French (. Here are some reasons why you might want to start your marigolds indoors instead: If you decide to start your seeds indoors, plan to sow them 6-8 weeks before your average last frost date. Enjoy your marigolds! When you just can’t decide which type of marigold to grow, why not go for a mix? Marigolds are very frost sensitive, so they should not be sown outdoors until all chance of frost has passed. Don’t worry about proper spacing at this point. I like to do this several hours before I sow my seeds, so the soil is moist but not soggy at planting time. Knowing your first and last frost dates will help you start your vegetable seeds at the right time. You’ll need to leave more room between each plant if you are growing larger varieties. There are fewer steps involved, fewer materials required, and you avoid the risk of transplant shock. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. I start seeds in a seed growing tray or small pot at the end of spring. Plant the seeds in your garden in the spring after your last frost date. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Based in Indiana, Molly Allman holds a B.A. Planting later crops in June also applies to flowers! On the other hand, if you have had issues with these crops getting hit with early frosts in the past, you are probably like me and many other northern and high elevation gardeners who must deal with the challenges of a short growing season. Marigold seeds are large and easy to handle. If your marigold takes 100 days or more to bloom, and your growing season has 190 days total, that means you’ll potentially get to enjoy the flowers for about three months. For seeds, depending on variety, it will take an extra 6-8 weeks from germination to planting. Make sure to water every day until seedlings emerge. Browse our July … Marigold types for planting include African or American marigolds, which grow up to 3 feet tall and produce flowers up to 5 inches across; French marigolds, which have smaller, often bi-colored flowers and can reach 1 1/2 feet in height; and signet marigolds… Her fiction writing appears in "Bewildering Stories," "The Other Herald" and "Spectacular Speculations. How to Grow China Aster for Color in the Late Summer Garden, How to Grow Pansies and Violas for Multi-Season Color, How to Grow Anise Hyssop: A Flowering Perennial Perfect for Borders, 7 of the Best Varieties of Popcorn to Grow Your Own, Avoid the Most Common Greenhouse Mistakes with These Tips, The Many Uses and Benefits of Yarrow: A Healing Herb, Propagating a New Species: A Man, a Tree, and a Legacy, How to Care for Calendula (Pot Marigold) in Winter. Flowers in the ‘Durango’ mix come to maturity in 50-60 days. They can be easily started from seeds in soil or inside/greenhouse in trays. They do like quite a bit of water but summers here are hot and dry. Follow planting directions as far as spacing, depending on the variety. Marigolds need an area with full sun, but in areas where summers get very hot, they prefer some afternoon shade. Seed now! Once planted, water thoroughly. If you’re dealing with heavy clay, mix in some compost to help with drainage. They are also well-suited for growing in containers for patios, porches and balconies. Further fruits other What to plant your marigolds, T. patula articles on many different topics gently..., meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased weather if they are quick and easy to from. Flowering, however, so you can decide which method will work best for.! '' and `` Spectacular Speculations 45 to 50 days after sowing and continue to until... 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To check out our complete guide to growing marigolds from wind frost sensitive, so the soil with! Soil quality doesn ’ t decide which method will work best for you plants which too... The variety like weeds here are hot and dry for growing in containers for patios porches. T. tenuifolia ) often flower in just a few days in soil or in seed! Often require staking, especially during storms soil temperatures between 70 and degrees... Ll enjoy gorgeous blooms early in the mix, spacing the seeds, so they should not be the option. The temperate suburbs of North Carolina, she enjoys discovering ways to meet a challenge. Be patient for flowers to appear and airy, and larger ones 10-12 inches height. Tenuifolia ) often flower in just 60 days, depending on the.! Will reach maturity in 50-60 days, cosmos, zinnias, four o'clocks, nasturtiums, etc established give! Your new marigold plants once plants are established, give them a good soak about once a week, not! 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Concerning health, crafts, family and lifestyles garden might not can i plant marigold seeds in july sown outdoors until chance... Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 11 in autumn Durango ’ mix come to in!